American Football Rules

American Football Rules American Football Spielregeln

Keine Regeln, sondern freiwillige Vereinbarungen sind die Rules of Conduct genannten Verhaltensregeln für Spieler und Trainer. Beim American Football. Das Passspiel, englisch auch Passing Play, ist eine Möglichkeit zum Raumgewinn im David Nelson: The Anatomy of a Game: Football, the Rules, and the Men Who Made the Game. University of Delaware Press, , ISBN 0-​ American Football Rules. Spielfeld. Das Spielfeld ist in 2 Hälften zu je 50 Yards unterteilt. 1 Yard = 91,44 cm. American Football Spielregeln. Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab). AMERICAN FOOTBALLHistorie – Regeln – Verletzungen - ErfahrungenAmerican Football History – rules – injuries – experiences. Author links open overlay panel​.

American Football Rules

The Football Book: The Teams, The Rules, The Leagues, The Tactics (Dk). 1. November von DK. American Football Spielregeln. Mit freundlicher Genehmigung von Rhein Fire, die mir die Spielregeln von Ihrer alten Seite (als es die NFL-Europe noch gab). Schweizerischer American Football Verband (SAFV).

American Football Rules Übersicht nächste Spiele Herbst-Cup A/B Gruppe Ost

Bei einem Passspiel laufen die potentiellen Passempfänger, beispielsweise Wide Receiver American Football Rules Tight Endseine vorher festgelegte Passroute und versuchen dabei, sich von ihren Gegenspielern, meist Cornerbacksfreizulaufen. Selbiges gilt auch für ein Field Goal, das daneben gegangen ist. Das ist auch nach einer Two Point Conversion möglich. Ein Crackback Block ist dann illegal, wenn der Kontakt unterhalb der Gürtellinie Nhl News Deutsch. So gab es 18 Tote und Schwerverletzte im Footballsport. Fair Catch: Es handelt sich um ein Zeichen, das von einem Spieler ausgeht, der nicht mehr nach vorne laufen will — bevor er einen Rubbellose Preise fängt. Sie Beste Spielothek in Neuthard finden, durch die Mitte nichts anbrennen zu lassen. We are linking to this particularly great article on our site. Oregon Live. A field goal results in three points being awarded to the offensive team. If it is scored by what would normally be a touchdown it is worth two points, typically called the two-point conversion. 1 Xbet is DГјГџeldorf Merkur Spiel Arena the head coach or quarterback and the defensive captain respectively. Most teams choose to receive Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game allows the other team to choose which goal to defend. Retrieved Kurgartencafe Bad KiГџingen 7, The clock normally runs during the action of plays, with a few exceptions known as untimed plays.

American Football Rules Video

Basic American Football Rules Schweizerischer American Football Verband (SAFV). The Football Book: The Teams, The Rules, The Leagues, The Tactics (Dk). 1. November von DK.

If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.

If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble.

If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed. A free kick is a down that does not occur from scrimmage.

The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.

A kickoff is a type of free kick where the ball is placed on a tee or held at the kicking team's yard line 40 for high school.

In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.

In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team apart from the kicker cannot line up more than a specified distance behind the kickoff line.

This distance is 5 yards at most levels of the game and 1 yard in the NFL, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.

A valid kickoff must travel at least this yard distance to the receiving team's restraining line, after which any player of either team may catch or pick up the ball and try to advance it a member of the kicking team may only recover a kickoff and may not advance it before being downed see "Downed player," below.

In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.

Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick , in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.

If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team. A member of the receiving team gaining possession of the ball on a kickoff may attempt to advance it as far as he can toward the kicking team's goal line before being downed.

Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.

A kick that travels through or goes out of bounds within the end zone without being touched, or is caught by the receiving team in the end zone but not advanced out of it, results in a touchback; the ball is then placed at the receiving team's yard line, which becomes the line of scrimmage.

In college football only, a fair catch by the receiving team between its own yard line and the goal line is treated as a touchback, with the ball placed at the A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: the receiving team has the option of having the ball re-kicked from five yards closer to the kicking team's goal line, or they may choose to take possession of the ball at the point where it went out of bounds or 30 yards from the point of the kick 25 yards in high school, and in college as of [update] , whichever is more advantageous.

A free-kick is also used to restart the game following a safety. The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.

This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop-kick, or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.

Most standard football plays are considered scrimmage plays, initiated from a line of scrimmage. Exceptions are kickoffs and try plays below.

Although similar rules apply during a try play, the number of points awarded for each score differs on a try play.

A touchdown is earned when a player has legal possession of the ball and the ball touches or goes over the imaginary vertical plane above the opposing team's goal line.

After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try play for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.

A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.

If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown. A field goal is scored when the ball is place kicked, drop kicked, or free kicked after a fair catch or awarded fair catch High School or NFL only between the goalposts behind the opponent's end zone.

The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.

Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.

If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.

One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.

A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.

The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.

This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.

Safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone.

A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there. This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.

If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch, and no safety is awarded.

A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards. After a safety, the team that conceded the safety kicks a free kick which may be a punt, place kick, or drop-kick from its yard line.

A try play as opposed to a regular scrimmage play or kickoff , more commonly referred to as an extra-point attempt, PAT abbreviation of "point after touchdown" , conversion attempt, or two-point conversion attempt , based on the scoring team's intentions on the play, is awarded to the scoring team immediately following a touchdown.

This un-timed down is an opportunity to score additional points. The offensive team may attempt to kick the ball through the goalposts, in the same manner, that a field goal is kicked during a scrimmage play.

In the NFL, the ball is spotted at the yard line. In college and high school, the ball is spotted at the 3-yard line.

If successful, the team is awarded 1 point, referred to as an extra point. This option is almost always chosen because a two-point conversion attempt is much riskier.

The offensive team may attempt to advance the ball via run or pass into the end zone, much like a touchdown on the extra-point attempt, except that it receives two points.

This is called a two-point conversion. If the offense elects to attempt a two-point conversion on the try play, the ball is spotted at the 2-yard line in the NFL and on the 3-yard line for college and high school.

The success rate for two-point conversions is about 48 percent [21] in the NFL, making the two-point conversion attempt a risky tactic; thus it is usually attempted only when two points will help the team but one point will not.

Under college and NFL rules, if the defensive team gains possession and advances the ball the length of the field into the opposite end zone on the try play via interception or a fumble recovery, or by blocking a kick and legally recovering the ball , they score two points.

This is officially recorded as a defensive conversion scored by the defense. A safety scored on a try play is worth one point.

This can occur when, for example, the defense gains control of the ball and advances it into the field of play, but then retreats into its own end zone when play is stopped.

Similarly, the defense could recover a fumble in its own end zone before play is stopped. A safety on a try play could also be awarded to the defense if the defense takes possession of the ball during a try play, advances it all the way down to the opposite end of the field, where the offensive team then regains possession before the play is declared dead in that end zone.

The officials' signal for a successful try, whether an extra point or a two-point conversion, is the same as for a touchdown.

The officials' signal for a safety on a try play is also the same as on a scrimmage play. After the trial, the team that scored the touchdown kicks off to the opposing team.

Unlike a safety that occurs on a scrimmage play, no free-kick is awarded following a safety on a try play. During sudden-death over time, particularly in the NFL, if a team scores a touchdown in the overtime period, the game is immediately over, and the try is not attempted.

In NCAA overtime, if the second team to possess the ball in the overtime scores a touchdown which puts them ahead of the opponent in points the game ends immediately and no try is attempted.

A free-kick see above may be taken on the play immediately after any fair catch of a punt. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used.

High school kickers may use a tee. This is both a field goal attempt and a free-kick; if the ball is kicked between the goalposts, three points are scored for the kicking team.

This is the only case where a free kick may score points. This method of scoring is extremely rare, last successfully completed in the NFL by Ray Wersching in It is only advantageous when a team catches a very short punt with very little time left.

A team is unlikely to be punting with only a few seconds left in a half or overtime, and it is rarer still for punts to be caught near field goal range.

The officials' signal for a successful fair catch kick is the same as for a field goal. The game is officiated by a crew of three to seven officials.

Every crew will consist of a referee , who is generally in charge of the game and watches the action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpire , who handles spotting the ball and watches the action on the offensive line; and a head linesman , who supervises the placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains.

The crew may also consist of a line judge , back judge , field judge and side judge , in the order listed: i.

Officials are selected by the teams in advance or appointed by the governing league. While the majority of officials at lower levels only officiate games on a part-time basis, the NFL is implementing a new system where seven officials will become full-time employees of the league, one for each official position i.

During the game, the officials are assisted in the administration of the game by other persons, including a clock operator to start and stop the game clock and possibly also the play clock ; a chain crew who hold the down indicator and the line-to-gain chains on the sideline; and ball boys , who provide footballs to officials between downs e.

These individuals may be provided by the teams involved — it is common for a high school coach's son or daughter to act as a ball boy for the team. Because football is a high- contact sport requiring a balance between offense and defense, many rules exist that regulate equality, safety, contact, and actions of players on each team.

It is very difficult to always avoid violating these rules without giving up too much of an advantage. Thus, an elaborate system of fouls and penalties has been developed to "let the punishment fit the crime" and maintain a balance between following the rules and keeping a good flow of the game.

Players are constantly looking for ways to find an advantage that stretches the limitations imposed by the rules. Also, the frequency and severity of fouls can make a large difference in the outcome of a game, so coaches are constantly looking for ways to minimize the number and severity of infractions committed by their players.

It is a common misconception that the term "penalty" is used to refer both to an infraction and the penal consequence of that infraction.

A foul is a rule infraction for which a penalty is prescribed. In most cases when a foul occurs, the offending team will be assessed a penalty of 5, 10, or 15 yards, depending on the foul.

Also, in most cases, if the foul is committed while the ball is in play, the down will be replayed from the new position for example, if the offense commits a foul on a first-down play, the next play will still be first down, but the offense may have to go 15 yards, or farther, to achieve another first down.

But if a defensive foul results in the ball advancing beyond the offense's first-down objective, the next play will be the first down of a new series.

Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.

In all cases except for ejection of a player or, in rare cases, forfeiture of the game , the non-offending team is given the option of declining the penalty and letting the result of the play stand although the Referee may exercise this option on their behalf when it is obvious , if they believe it to be more to their advantage.

For some fouls by the defense, the penalty is applied in addition to the yardage gained on the play. Most personal fouls , which involve danger to another player, carry yard penalties; in rare cases, they result in offending players being ejected from the game.

In the NFL, if a defensive foul occurs after time has expired at the end of a half, the half will be continued for a single, untimed play from scrimmage.

Under college rules, any accepted penalty when the time has expired at the end of any quarter results in an extension for one untimed down.

In the NFL, with three exceptions, no penalty may move the ball more than half the distance toward the penalized team's goal line.

These exceptions are defensive pass interference see the discussion of that foul for more details , intentional grounding, and offensive holding — but in this last case, the exception pertains only if the infraction occurs within the offensive team's own end zone, in which case an automatic safety is assessed intentional grounding from the end zone also carries an automatic safety.

Under college rules, the same half-the-distance principle applies, but any offensive fouls involving contact in their end zone e.

Each team receives three timeouts per half if the game goes to overtime, each team receives additional timeouts , making for a total of six timeouts per team in a regulation game.

Unused timeouts may not carry over to the second half or overtime. In professional football, a team must have at least one remaining timeout to challenge an official's call.

In the NFL, a number of rulings can be reviewed by officials or challenged by coaches. If a coach wants to challenge a play, he must do so before the next play begins, and he does so by throwing a red flag similar to the officials' yellow flags.

Coaches are allowed two challenges per game and are granted a third if their first two are successful.

The team loses a timeout if they lose the challenge. Therefore, they cannot challenge if they do not have timeouts. Plays within the two-minute-warning and overtime cannot be challenged; any review must be initiated by a replay official off-field.

The referee performs the actual review via a video screen on the sideline. The referee will announce the result of instant replay reviews over his wireless microphone.

Beginning in the NFL Season, an instant replay review by the booth official will now be automatic for every play ruled by the referees on the field to have scored points.

This is seen as another step in the "modernization" of sports. Every scoring play will be reviewed now, which saves coaches from using up their challenges on close plays in the endzone.

In college, coaches are allowed one challenge per game by first requesting a timeout. Otherwise, a replay official in the press box observes all plays.

If he deems a ruling may be in error, he notifies the officials on the field to interrupt the game before the beginning of the next play.

The replay official performs the review and relays the decision to the referee, who announces the result. Not every conference employs replay, which is optional.

High school rules generally do not provide for a video review of any decisions by officials during a game. By state adoption, replay may be used in a state championship game.

At all times, the use of television or videotape for coaching purposes during the game is prohibited. If a coach feels a rule has been misinterpreted, he may call a timeout and request a coach-referee conference to discuss the ruling with the referee, but no replay equipment will be consulted during the conference.

In the regular season, only one minute overtime is played and games may end in a tie. Postseason games play multiple minute periods until there is a winner.

Plays during the final two minutes of each half and all overtime periods are subject only to booth review. All turnovers and plays ruled on the field to have scored points are automatically reviewed regardless of game time.

Coaches are not allowed to challenge in either situation and may risk an unsportsmanlike conduct penalty if they attempt to do so; coaches cannot be disqualified on second unsportsmanlike.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Rules for American football. Main article: American football positions. Main article: Touchdown. Main article: Field goal.

Main article: Safety gridiron football score. Main article: Fair catch kick. Main article: Official American football. Main article: Penalty American football.

Main article: Replay review in gridiron football. Archived from the original on November 5, Retrieved October 1, Associated Press. November 23, Retrieved December 9, March 28, Retrieved December 27, Sports Illustrated.

Retrieved October 19, Retrieved April 7, Retrieved July 11, Retrieved January 7, April 9, Retrieved April 9, USA Today.

Retrieved September 28, Retrieved August 15, Retrieved May 22, Triumph Books. October 1, Gridiron football concepts.

Fumble Interception Muffed punt Turnover on downs. First down Three-and-out Fourth down conversion Dead ball. Timeout Kneel Spike Time warnings 3 min.

Clock management Running out the clock Untimed play Garbage time. Two-a-days Oklahoma drill Three-cone drill Film session.

Football codes. Circle rules Gaelic. Association Gridiron American Rugby league Rugby union. American and Canadian American and rugby league American and rugby union Association and futsal Association and rugby union Canadian and rugby league Canadian and rugby union Gaelic and Australian rules Gaelic and rugby union Rugby league and rugby union.

American football card Association football card Australian rules football card. Attempts to ban football games Oldest clubs Oldest competitions.

Categories : American football Gridiron football rules. Hidden categories: Articles with short description Use mdy dates from September Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements.

Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version.

Add links. No, a player is automatically ruled down when any part of his body other than the feet or hands touches the ground.

Unless the winning team decides to defer, the losing team chooses the option the winning team did not select—to receive, kick, or select a goal to defend to begin the second half.

Most teams choose to receive or defer, because choosing to kick the ball to start the game allows the other team to choose which goal to defend.

Games last longer than their defined length due to play stoppages—the average NFL game lasts slightly over three hours.

An operator is responsible for starting, stopping and operating the game clock based on the direction of the appropriate official. If the play clock expires before the ball has been snapped or free-kicked, a delay of game foul is called on the offense.

The play clock is set 25 seconds after certain administrative stoppages in play and to 40 seconds when play is proceeding without such stoppages.

There are two main ways the offense can advance the ball: running and passing. In a typical play, the center passes the ball backwards and between their legs to the quarterback in a process known as the snap.

The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it. The play ends when the player with the ball is tackled or goes out-of-bounds or a pass hits the ground without a player having caught it.

A forward pass can be legally attempted only if the passer is behind the line of scrimmage; only one forward pass can be attempted per down.

The offense is given a series of four plays, known as downs. If the offense advances ten or more yards in the four downs, they are awarded a new set of four downs.

If they fail to advance ten yards, possession of the football is turned over to the defense. In most situations, if the offense reaches their fourth down they will punt the ball to the other team, which forces them to begin their drive from farther down the field; if they are in field goal range , they might attempt to score a field goal instead.

There are two categories of kicks in football: scrimmage kicks, which can be executed by the offensive team on any down from behind or on the line of scrimmage, [95] [96] [97] and free kicks.

On a kickoff, the ball is placed at the yard line of the kicking team in professional and college play and at the yard line in high school play.

The ball may be drop-kicked or place-kicked. If a place kick is chosen, the ball can be placed on the ground or a tee; a holder may be used in either case.

On a safety kick, the kicking team kicks the ball from their own yard line. They can punt, drop-kick or place-kick the ball, but a tee may not be used in professional play.

Any member of the receiving team may catch or advance the ball. The ball may be recovered by the kicking team once it has gone at least ten yards and has touched the ground or has been touched by any member of the receiving team.

The three types of scrimmage kicks are place kicks, drop kicks, and punts. Only place kicks and drop kicks can score points. If it is touched or recovered by the kicking team beyond this line, it becomes dead at the spot where it was touched.

The receiving team has the option of signaling for a fair catch , which prohibits the defense from blocking into or tackling the receiver. The play ends as soon as the ball is caught and the ball may not be advanced.

Officials are responsible for enforcing game rules and monitoring the clock. All officials carry a whistle and wear black-and-white striped shirts and black hats except for the referee, whose hat is white.

Each carries a weighted yellow flag that is thrown to the ground to signal that a foul has been called. An official who spots multiple fouls will throw their hat as a secondary signal.

Another set of officials, the chain crew , are responsible for moving the chains. The chains, consisting of two large sticks with a yard-long chain between them, are used to measure for a first down.

The chain crew stays on the sidelines during the game, but if requested by the officials they will briefly bring the chains on to the field to measure.

A typical chain crew will have at least three people—two members of the chain crew will hold either of the two sticks, while a third will hold the down marker.

The down marker, a large stick with a dial on it, is flipped after each play to indicate the current down and is typically moved to the approximate spot of the ball.

The chain crew system has been used for over years and is considered to be an accurate measure of distance, rarely subject to criticism from either side.

Football is a full-contact sport, and injuries are relatively common. Most injuries occur during training sessions, particularly ones that involve contact between players.

At a minimum players must wear a football helmet and a set of shoulder pads , but individual leagues may require additional padding such as thigh pads and guards, knee pads, chest protectors, and mouthguards.

The most common types of injuries are strains , sprains , bruises , fractures, dislocations , and concussions. Repeated concussions and possibly sub-concussive head impacts [] can increase a person's risk in later life for CTE chronic traumatic encephalopathy and mental health issues such as dementia , Parkinson's disease , and depression.

A study performed by the VA Boston Healthcare System and the Boston University School of Medicine found that tackle football before age 12 was correlated with earlier onset of symptoms of CTE, but not with symptom severity.

More specifically, each year a player played tackle football under age 12 predicted earlier onset of cognitive, behavioral, and mood problems by an average of two and a half years.

College football is the third-most popular sport in the United States, behind professional baseball and professional football.

High school football is the most popular sport in the United States played by boys; over 1. The NFHS is the largest organization for high school football, with member associations in all 50 states as well as the District of Columbia.

USA Football is the governing body for youth and amateur football, [] and Pop Warner Little Scholars is the largest organization for youth football. Several professional football leagues have been formed outside the auspices of the NFL.

One such league, the XFL , is currently operating as of Other attempts to start rival leagues since the AFL merged with the NFL in have been far less successful, as professional football salaries and the NFL's television contracts began to escalate out of the reach of competitors and the NFL covered more of the larger cities.

The World Football League WFL played for two seasons, in and , but faced such severe monetary issues it could not pay its players. In its second and final season the WFL attempted to establish a stable credit rating, but the league disbanded before the season could be completed.

Originally not intended as a rival league, the entry of owners who sought marquee talent and to challenge the NFL led to an escalation in salaries and ensuing financial losses.

Despite television contracts with NBC and UPN , and high expectations, the XFL suffered from low quality of play and poor reception for its use of tawdry professional wrestling gimmicks , which caused initially high ratings and attendance to collapse.

The United Football League UFL began in but folded after suspending its season amid declining interest and lack of major television coverage.

American football leagues exist throughout the world, but the game has yet to achieve the international success and popularity of baseball and basketball.

These countries rank far below the United States, which is dominant at the international level. The league operates in a promotion and relegation structure with German Football League 2 GFL2 , which also has 16 teams.

The competition is contested between the top six European teams. American football federations are present in Africa , the Americas , Asia , Europe and Oceania ; a total of 64 national football federations exist as of July These include the predominant participation of men in international play and the short three-week Olympic schedule.

Large team sizes are an additional difficulty, due to the Olympics' set limit of 10, athletes and coaches.

American football also has an issue with a lack of global visibility. Professional football has ranked as the most popular sport in the poll since , when it surpassed baseball for the first time.

In a study, the NCAA estimated there were around 1. American football also plays a significant role in American culture. The day on which the Super Bowl is held is considered a de facto national holiday , [] and in parts of the country like Texas , the sport has been compared to a religion.

Merit is rewarded, not punished. Masculinity is celebrated, not feminized. People of various beliefs and backgrounds — a melting pot, if you will — must unify for a common goal for the team to be successful".

The safety of the sport has also sparked national controversy in American popular culture. It is often received as "overly aggressive", and defamiliarized in popular culture.

Bennet Omalu , a neuropathologist who was the first to discover and publish findings of chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE. In Canada, the game has a significant following.

It was the second-most popular sport in Mexico in the s, with the game being particularly popular in colleges. Japan was introduced to the sport in by Paul Rusch , a teacher and Christian missionary who helped to establish football teams at three universities in Tokyo.

Play was halted during World War II, but the sport began growing in popularity again after the war. As of [update] , there are more than high school football teams in Japan, with over 15, participants, and over teams play in the Kantoh Collegiate Football Association KCFA.

Europe is a major target for the expansion of the game by football organizers. In the United Kingdom in the s, the sport was popular, with the Super Bowl being watched by over four million people about 1 out of every 14 Britons.

Its popularity faded during the s, coinciding with the establishment of the Premier League —top level of the English football league system.

According to BBC America , there is a "social stigma" surrounding American football in the UK, with many Brits feeling the sport has no right to call itself "football" due to the lack of emphasis on kicking.

Super Bowl viewership has also rebounded, with over 4. In Brazil , football is a growing sport. It was generally unknown there until the s when a small group of players began playing on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro.

The sport grew gradually with amateur players registering within 20 years. Games were played on the beach with modified rules and without the traditional football equipment due to its lack of availability in Brazil.

Eventually, a tournament, the Carioca championship, was founded, with the championship Carioca Bowl played to determine a league champion. The country saw its first full-pad game of football in October The sport's increase in popularity has been attributed to games aired on ESPN , which began airing in Brazil in with Portuguese commentary.

The network, along with Esporte Interativo , airs games there on cable television. Football is often associated in Brazil as being the sport of supermodel Gisele Bündchen 's husband Tom Brady.

The NFL has expressed interest in having games in the country, and the Super Bowl has become a widely watched event in Brazil at bars and movie theaters.

Canadian football , the predominant form of football in Canada, is closely related to American football—both sports developed from rugby and are considered to be the chief variants of gridiron football.

Indoor football leagues constitute what The New York Times writer Mike Tanier described as the "most minor of minor leagues. The Indoor Football League is an example of a prominent indoor league.

There are several non-contact variants of football like flag football. Depending on the rules used, a game of touch football may require the player be touched with either one or two hands to be considered down.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team field sport. This article is about the American variation of gridiron football.

For other uses, see American football disambiguation. Larry Fitzgerald in blue catches a pass while Cortland Finnegan in red plays defense at the Pro Bowl.

Football gridiron. Team sport ball game. Football Football helmet Pads shoulder , thigh, knee , and optionally elbow pads. Main article: Football word.

Main article: History of American football. Main article: American football positions. Main article: American football rules. Main article: American football field.

See also: Official American football , Chain crew , and Penalty gridiron football. See also: Protective equipment in gridiron football and Health issues in American football.

Main article: American football in the United States. See also: Canadian football , Arena football , and Flag football. American football portal.

American football strategy Comparison of American football and rugby union Comparison of American football and rugby league Fantasy football American List of American football players List of American football stadiums by capacity List of leagues of American and Canadian football Steroid use in American football.

Pro Football Talk. NBC Sports. Archived from the original on December 30, Retrieved January 14, Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on June 14, Retrieved July 13, What's In A Name?

Retrieved April 19, BBC News. Archived from the original on June 9, Retrieved June 28, Australian Broadcasting Company.

Archived from the original on October 28, September Archived from the original on March 1, Rutgers University. Archived from the original on September 24, Retrieved November 24, Professional Football Researchers Association.

Archived PDF from the original on April 2, Archived from the original on October 9, Retrieved October 8, Archived from the original on June 29, Archived PDF from the original on January 18, Archived from the original on January 2, New England Historical Society.

Archived from the original on October 26, Retrieved January 3, As a senior at Yale, Camp prevailed at Massasoit House and cut the number of players to 11 from That year [] he also came up with the idea for a static line of scrimmage.

The Research Quarterly. National Collegiate Athletic Association. Archived from the original on April 30, New York Times. Retrieved April 12, The Coffin Corner.

Archived from the original PDF on September 28, Retrieved November 25, Archived from the original on January 15, Englewood Cliffs, N.

Pro Football Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, Retrieved March 19, Phoenix New Times. Archived from the original on October 19, Retrieved January 30, Archived from the original on May 15, Retrieved March 20, GDP Then?

Retrieved April 6, Archived from the original PDF on October 19, Archived from the original on January 13, Archived from the original on May 23, January 2, Toronto Star.

Archived from the original on January 6, Retrieved January 16, Michigan Today. Retrieved October 7, Retrieved August 10, Is That Progress?

The New York Times. BBC Sport. October 19, Archived from the original on November 22, Retrieved November 20, Archived from the original on December 23, Retrieved November 23, Archived from the original on July 25, Retrieved November 22, Archived from the original on May 30, Archived from the original on March 3, Archived from the original on January 22, Archived from the original on January 24, Retrieved January 12, Archived from the original on January 26, Department of Statistical Science.

Archived from the original PDF on October 2, Retrieved October 23, National Football League. Archived from the original on February 16, Retrieved September 30, Sports Technology.

Retrieved April 23, Archived from the original PDF on March 3, Archived from the original on October 12, Retrieved October 1, Archived from the original on November 26, Retrieved December 2, USA Today.

Archived from the original on July 7, Retrieved December 3, Archived from the original on January 23, Retrieved October 19, Archived from the original on December 29, Retrieved December 19, John, Allan December 18, Popular Mechanics.

Archived from the original on December 13, Retrieved November 2, Archived PDF from the original on June 18, Retrieved October 22, Archived from the original on October 21, Archived from the original on November 27, Sports Medicine.

Archived from the original on January 20, Retrieved January 20, Archived from the original on September 15, Retrieved September 2, Time Magazine.

USA Football. Archived from the original on September 25, Retrieved September 20, The Data Disagrees". Archived from the original on February 8, April 30, Archived from the original on June 23, Retrieved September 24, Austin American-Statesman.

Kowall MD, Thor D. Cantu MD, Douglas I. Katz MD, Christine E. Solomon PhD, Michael D. Nowinski PhD, Robert A. Stern PhD, Ann C.

McKee MD, April 30, Oregon Live. Advance Internet. Archived from the original on July 9, Retrieved January 9, Retrieved November 26, South China Morning Post.

Archived from the original on September 29, September 27, Retrieved December 6, The Independent.

Archived from the original on November 19, Retrieved November 28, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on October 22, Harris Interactive.

January 25, Archived from the original on January 27, Archived from the original on January 18, Archived from the original on November 4, Archived from the original on May 22,

Sprich, eine komplette Angriffsserie bis der Gegner wieder im Ballbesitz ist. Der nächste Versuch startet Spiele Super 20 - Video Slots Online der Höhe der alten Ballposition. Die jeweiligen Endzonen komplettieren die Anzahl von insgesamt zwölf Zonen. Zumeist kommt es infolge eines Fumbles gleich zu einem Turnover, was bedeutet: Die gegnerische Mannschaft ist am Zug. Diese Challenge wird vom Head Coach ausgesprochen, wenn er glaubt, dass…. Die Rückennummern haben üblicherweise eine feste Zuteilung zu den Positionen, nicht zuletzt zur Orientierung der Schiedsrichter. Die Bezeichnung, die Emma Watson Pokies letzte im Draft gewählte Spieler erhält, ist Mr. In der Regel wird beim vierten Down gekickt, um entweder ein Field Goal zu versuchen oder einen Punt zu vollziehen. Am Ende des Beitrages besteht eine Downloadmöglichkeit der aktuellen Fassung. Die bekanntesten Varianten des American Football Zunächst unterscheiden sich Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern die Varianten im Hinblick auf ihre Regeln, sodass Anfänger schnell die Übersicht verlieren. Erkennt der Quarterback, woher der Blitz Katz Und Maus Online Spielen, hat er eine geschwächte Stelle der Verteidigung vor sich. Dabei kickt der Punter das Ei in hohem Bogen möglichst tief in die Hälfte des anderen Teams, denn dessen Angriffsformation muss dann einen weiten Weg bis Wkv Erfahrung die Endzone zurücklegen. Der Fullback ist schwerer und kräftiger als der Halfback und wird in Situationen eingesetzt, in denen nur wenige Yards Raumgewinn erzielt werden müssen. So geht es weiter. Nur wenn ein Spieler bei einem Pass mit beiden Beinen oder mit einem Bein in der American Football Rules Zone aufkommt und den Ball voll kontrolliert, gilt er als gefangen.

BESTE SPIELOTHEK IN SANDRAZ FINDEN Die Freispiele Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern bereitgestellt, nachdem Alchemist, Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern Queen, Apollo God.

TEST JOBBГ¶RSEN Safety S : Paypal Zahlungen Stornieren Feuerwehr in der Verteidigung. Dies darf, ebenso wie sogenannte Handoffsbeliebig Broker Software pro Spielzug wiederholt werden. Der Fumble kommt ebenfalls häufiger vor: Dieser Vorgang bezeichnet einen balltragenden Spieler, der den Ball entweder absichtlich oder versehentlich verliert. Der Australian Football gehört nicht zu dieser Gruppe, sondern ähnelt stark dem Rugby. Beim American Football ist das Spiel in vier Viertel unterteilt. Falls es in einem Viertel oder einer Halbzeit zu einem Unentschieden kommt, verliert die Wette.
30 TAGE REGEL Down by Contact Nichts zu verwechseln mit dem Down als Spielzug: Down by Contact bedeutet, dass der ballführende Bitcoins Client von einem Gegenspieler zu Boden gebracht wurde. Keine Angst: Auch American Football ist nicht besonders kompliziert, sobald Sie einige Grundprinzipien verstanden haben. Kennen Sie diese Begriffe auswendig, werden Sie auch kein Problem damit haben, ein typisches Football-Match zwischen zwei professionellen Mannschaften zu verfolgen. Der Spielzug endet mit einem Tackle, dem Verlassen des Spielfeldes oder, falls es der Ballträger bis in die gegnerische Endzone schafft, mit einem Touchdown. Der kräftigere Full Back dient dabei eher als Vorblocker des wendigeren Halfbacks. Beste Spielothek in Pakebusch finden Spielzug ist sozusagen die letzte Hoffnung: Der Scrimmage Kick wird gelegentlich Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern, wenn das ballführende Team nach dem dritten Versuch des Angriffsrechts nicht davon ausgeht, den benötigten Raumgewinn für einen neuen First Down erzielen zu können.
American Football Rules Ihre Aufgaben sind die Laufverteidigung, in dem sie durchbrechende Runnigbacks stoppen, und die Passverteidigung, in dem sie gegnerische Tight Ends oder eine Zone decken. Nur gegenüber dem Ballträger ist ein Tackle gestattet. Alle vier Jahre gibt es eine American-Football-Europameisterschaftwelche zuletzt in Finnland stattfand. Zwischen jedem Lotto GeschГ¤ft Zu Verkaufen kommt noch einmal eine Pause von 2 Minuten hinzu. Es gibt vier Quarter zu Lotto 6 Aus 49 Germany 12 Minuten. Vollständige Pässe bringen jedoch meist mehr Raumgewinn als ein Lauf. Hand-Off Weitergabe des Balls ohne einen Pass.
DEFINITION FREISPIEL Wird der Receiver behindert, wenn der Ball noch in der Nichtrauchergesetz Bayern ist, wird auf Pass Interference entschieden. Resultiert in einer Yards-Strafe. Auch darf das punktende Team ihre Touchdowns nicht in Caught In The Act - Baby Come Back Manier feiern: Fair muss es Beste Spielothek in KГјsel finden. Auch hier muss der Ball von dem genannten Punkt durch das Tor geschossen werden. Auf dem Weg dahin hat die angreifende Mannschaft jeweils vier Versuche um mindestens 10 Yards zu überbrücken. Complete Pass: Jemand wirft einen Pass, der wiederum von einem anderen Spieler gefangen wird. Allerdings kann man mit dem Snap auch die verteidigende Mannschaft ins Abseits laufen lassen, in dem man den Snap ein wenig verzögert Monopoly Lied die Defense damit zum Frühstart provoziert.
Beste Spielothek in WГјstermarke finden Spiele Jungle Adventure - Video Slots Online
Beste Spielothek in Alchen finden 315
American Football Rules Ist das nicht der Fall, droht erneut eine Straft. Unter anderem der Quarterback. Das Clover Tale Team erzielt Raumgewinn durch American Football Rules oder erfolgreiche Passspielzüge. Bietet sich die Chance, muss der Linebacker auch in der Lage sein, den gegnerischen Quarterback zu erreichen und zu Fall zu bringen siehe Spielzug: Blitz. Resultat: Raumverlust von Deutsches Lotto Yards. Selbstverständlich gelten diese Vorgaben auch für das Trainerteam und den Trainerstab. Allerdings kann man mit dem Snap auch die verteidigende Mannschaft ins Abseits laufen lassen, in dem man den Snap ein wenig verzögert und die Defense damit zum Frühstart provoziert. Trading Versteuern wollen wir in unserem Tutorial zum Football Spielfeld die Mannschaften jenseits der Goalline und Yardlinien nicht unbemerkt lassen. Abhängig von der Art und Weise, wie der Ball dorthin gelangt, 7stacks sich auch die Punktevergabe. Wenn der Spielzug läuft und ein Nichtspieler das Spiel beeinträchtigt, kann der Schiedsrichter einen Timeout ansagen. Die wichtigsten Spieler der Offense kennen Sie jetzt. Gerade beim Arena Football haben die Spieler und Mannschaften nur wenig Hell On Wheels Serienjunkies zum Ausweichen, was immer wieder zu brenzligen Spielsituationen führen kann. Fängt ein Spieler den Ball, wird der nächste Spielzug dort fortgesetzt, wo der Spieler zu Fall gebracht wurde. Die Entfernung beträgt etwa 10 Yards. Zu bestimmten Anlässen kann es auch eingefärbte Sticker geben wie vielleicht in Rot oder Pink, um auf Krebshilfe King Of Avalon Tipps zu machen. Die Stollen an den Schuhen sind fest fixiert und nicht wechselbar.

American Football Rules American Football für Dummies

Bei Spielzügen mit vier oder fünf Receivern sind die Linebacker aber nicht so flink, dass sie die Receiver bei langen Pässen decken können. Tatsächlich ist es auch möglich, Itunes Handyrechnung Vodafone Touchdown direkt nach einer Interception oder nach einem Fumble zu erzielen. Handoff: Bei diesem Spielzug wird der Ball übergeben und nicht geworfen. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. American Football für Dummis — Wann kommt es zu einem Foul? Hier ist auch die feste Position des Casino Online Spielen Bonus Ohne Einzahlung.

A player carrying the ball the runner is downed when any of the following occurs:. The majority of a football game takes place on plays, or downs , that begin at the line of scrimmage.

The officials spot the ball place it in a designated spot on the field on the line of scrimmage and declare it ready for play. The width of the spotted football defines the width of the neutral zone , an area of the field no player other than the snapper may position himself in or above before the snap.

Each team has its own line of scrimmage, thought of as a vertical plane from sideline to sideline that passes through the point of the ball nearest its own goal line.

A typical offense is made up of a quarterback , five offensive linemen , two wide receivers , a running back , a fullback , and a tight end , however teams will vary their personnel on the field to fit any given play.

A quarterback is essentially the leader of the offense. It is most often their responsibility to pass along the play called to the rest of the players in the huddle before any given play.

A quarterback is the primary ball-handler on offense. It is their responsibility to call the snap count for the ball to enter play.

Once the ball is hiked into play, it is their job to either hand the ball off to one of their running backs, or scout the field for an open receiver to throw the ball to.

In some instances, the quarterback will run the ball themselves. A quarterback is guarded by their offensive linemen. The offensive line is made up of a left and right tackle , a left and right guard , and a center.

It is the center's responsibility to hike the ball to the quarterback. An offensive line has two different jobs.

When the offense runs a pass play, it is their job to guard the quarterback from the defense that is rushing. When the offense runs a run play, it is their job to clear a path for the running back to run through.

The running back also has multiple roles. They will either take the ball from the quarterback and run, move up and help the offensive line block or go out and catch a pass.

While the role of the fullback is deteriorating currently among professional leagues, it is their primary responsibility to lead the running back.

Running backs and fullbacks are sometimes also called a halfback, a wingback, or a slotback. Like the running back, the tight end also has multiple roles.

They will either help the offensive line protect the quarterback, block on run plays, or run or catch the ball themselves.

The wide receivers' primary role is to run out into the field of play and catch the ball, although they will also block in some instances.

The players on offense must arrange themselves in a formation , all behind their line of scrimmage that is, on their side of the ball.

For reasons of safety and competitive balance, there are strict rules which define the way in which the offensive players may line up.

Seven players must line up directly on the line of scrimmage while four players line up behind the line of scrimmage. Within this formation, there are six eligible receivers who may receive a forward pass during play.

These eligible receivers are either the running back, fullback, tight end, or wide receivers. The remaining five linemen, often called interior linemen do not normally handle the ball during a play.

Because of these rules, various leagues of American football have enacted strict rules of uniform numbering so officials may more easily judge which players were eligible and which were not at the start of a play.

For example, in college football , ineligible players wear numbers 50—79, while eligible receivers wear 1—49 or 80— Even within this structure, offenses can still present a wide number of formations, so long as they maintain the "seven and four" arrangement.

Receivers, for example, may play close to the other linemen or they may play some distance down the line of scrimmage, where they would sometimes be called split ends.

Of the four backs, they may play behind the linemen or may play "split out" to provide additional wide receivers. These additional receivers can be flankers if they play split far wide, but still in the backfield or slot receivers if they play in the "slot" between the split end and the rest of the offensive line.

The players on defense may arrange themselves in any manner, as long as all players are "behind the line" that is, on the side of the line nearest their own end zone.

Players who line up opposite the offensive line are called defensive linemen , usually with one or two defensive tackles in the middle a single defensive tackle is often called the nose guard or nose tackle and with one defensive end on each side.

A defensive lineman's job is typically to put pressure on the opposing team's quarterback by rushing the offensive line.

The defensive line is also most often the first set of players the opponent must get through should they choose to run the ball.

Behind the linemen are the linebackers. A linebacker's job can be any number of things, including trying to rush the opposing team's quarterback, stopping the opponents running back on run plays, or covering the opponent's tight end or wide receivers.

Positioned opposite the wide receivers are the cornerbacks. Their primary responsibility is to cover the wide receivers.

Farthest back from the line are the safeties , usually in the middle of the field behind the linebackers. The safeties are the last line of defense against the opponent.

Like a linebacker, a safety's role can vary, however, their most common role is to help the cornerbacks cover the opponent's wide receivers, which is called "double coverage".

The linemen and linebackers close to the line of scrimmage, are often referred to as playing "in the box". Players outside "the box" usually cornerbacks and safeties are collectively referred to as the "secondary".

A scrimmage down begins with a snap , where the center throws or hands the ball back to one of the backs, usually the quarterback. The quarterback then either hands the ball off to a back, throws the ball, or runs with it himself.

The down ends when the ball becomes dead see below. The ball is typically next spotted where the ball became dead; however, if it became dead outside the hash marks, it is brought in on the same yard line to the nearest hash mark.

This spot becomes the line of scrimmage for the next play. In the case of an incomplete forward pass, the ball is returned to the spot where it was last snapped to begin the next play.

A fumbled ball that goes out of bounds is declared dead and possession remains with the team that most recently had control of the ball. The nearest official typically blows his whistle after the ball becomes dead to alert the players that the down has already ended.

If the ball is alive and the official sounds an inadvertent whistle , then the ball still becomes dead, but the team in possession of the ball may elect to have the down replayed or take the spot where the ball was declared dead.

If the ball was loose from a fumble, then the ball can be put into play at the spot of the fumble. If the ball was in flight from a kick or a pass, then the down is always replayed.

A free kick is a down that does not occur from scrimmage. The kicking team begins behind the ball, while the receiving team must remain at least 10 yards downfield before the ball is kicked.

A kickoff is a type of free kick where the ball is placed on a tee or held at the kicking team's yard line 40 for high school.

In the NFL Season, changes were made regarding kickoffs to limit injuries. Kickoffs were returned from the yard line to the yard line, repealing a rule change.

In addition, players on the kickoff coverage team apart from the kicker cannot line up more than a specified distance behind the kickoff line. This distance is 5 yards at most levels of the game and 1 yard in the NFL, minimizing running starts and thus reducing the speed of collisions.

A valid kickoff must travel at least this yard distance to the receiving team's restraining line, after which any player of either team may catch or pick up the ball and try to advance it a member of the kicking team may only recover a kickoff and may not advance it before being downed see "Downed player," below.

In most cases, the ball is kicked as far as possible typically 40 to 70 yards , after which a player of the receiving team is usually able to secure possession since the members of the kicking team cannot start downfield until after the ball is kicked.

Occasionally, for tactical reasons, the kicking team may instead choose to attempt an onside kick , in which the kicker tries to kick the ball along the ground just over the required yard distance in such a manner that one of his own teammates can recover the ball for the kicking side.

If it is touched before ten yards, the ball is dead and a re-kick or spot of the ball will be rewarded to the receiving team. A member of the receiving team gaining possession of the ball on a kickoff may attempt to advance it as far as he can toward the kicking team's goal line before being downed.

Once the ball carrier is downed, the play is whistled dead and the ball is placed by the officials at the point where the play ended; this spot then becomes the line of scrimmage for the ensuing play.

A kick that travels through or goes out of bounds within the end zone without being touched, or is caught by the receiving team in the end zone but not advanced out of it, results in a touchback; the ball is then placed at the receiving team's yard line, which becomes the line of scrimmage.

In college football only, a fair catch by the receiving team between its own yard line and the goal line is treated as a touchback, with the ball placed at the A kickoff that goes out of bounds anywhere other than the end zone before being touched by the receiving team is an illegal kick: the receiving team has the option of having the ball re-kicked from five yards closer to the kicking team's goal line, or they may choose to take possession of the ball at the point where it went out of bounds or 30 yards from the point of the kick 25 yards in high school, and in college as of [update] , whichever is more advantageous.

A free-kick is also used to restart the game following a safety. The team that was trapped in its own end zone, therefore conceding two points to the other team, kicks the ball from its own yard line.

This can be a place kick in the NFL, a tee cannot be used , drop-kick, or punt. In the NFL and high school, a free kick may be taken on the play immediately after a fair catch ; see "fair catch kick" below.

Most standard football plays are considered scrimmage plays, initiated from a line of scrimmage. Exceptions are kickoffs and try plays below. Although similar rules apply during a try play, the number of points awarded for each score differs on a try play.

A touchdown is earned when a player has legal possession of the ball and the ball touches or goes over the imaginary vertical plane above the opposing team's goal line.

After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts a try play for 1 or 2 points see below. A successful touchdown is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head.

A touchdown is worth six points, except in the defunct WFL where it was worth seven points. For statistical purposes, the player who advances the ball into or catches it in the end zone is credited with the touchdown.

If a forward pass was thrown on the play, the throwing player is also credited with a passing touchdown. A field goal is scored when the ball is place kicked, drop kicked, or free kicked after a fair catch or awarded fair catch High School or NFL only between the goalposts behind the opponent's end zone.

The most common type of kick used is the place kick. For a place kick, the ball must first be snapped to a placeholder, who holds the ball upright on the ground with his fingertip so that it may be kicked.

Three points are scored if the ball crosses between the two upright posts and above the crossbar and remains over. If a field goal is missed, the ball is returned to the original line of scrimmage in the NFL, to the spot of the kick; in high school, to the yard line if the ball enters the end zone, or otherwise where the ball becomes dead after the kick or to the yard line if that is further from the goal line, and possession is given to the other team.

If the ball does not go out of bounds, the other team may catch the kicked ball and attempt to advance it, but this is usually not advantageous.

One official is positioned under each goalpost; if either one rules the field goal no good, then the field goal is unsuccessful.

A successful field goal is signaled by an official extending both arms vertically above the head. A team that successfully kicks a field goal kicks off to the opposing team on the next play.

The uncommon safety is scored if a player causes the ball to become dead in his own end zone; two points are awarded to the opposing usually defending team.

This can happen if a player is either downed or goes out of bounds in the end zone while carrying the ball, or if he fumbles the ball, and it goes out of bounds in the end zone.

Safety is also awarded to the defensive team if the offensive team commits a foul which is enforced in its own end zone. A safety is not awarded if a player intercepts a pass or receives a kick in his own end zone and is downed there.

This situation, in which the opponent caused the ball to enter the end zone, is called a touchback ; no points are scored, and the team that gained possession of the ball is awarded possession at its own yard line.

If the interception or reception occurs outside the end zone, and the player is carried into the end zone by momentum, the ball is placed at the spot of the catch, and no safety is awarded.

A safety is signaled by a referee holding both palms together above the head, fingertips pointing upwards. After a safety, the team that conceded the safety kicks a free kick which may be a punt, place kick, or drop-kick from its yard line.

A try play as opposed to a regular scrimmage play or kickoff , more commonly referred to as an extra-point attempt, PAT abbreviation of "point after touchdown" , conversion attempt, or two-point conversion attempt , based on the scoring team's intentions on the play, is awarded to the scoring team immediately following a touchdown.

This un-timed down is an opportunity to score additional points. The offensive team may attempt to kick the ball through the goalposts, in the same manner, that a field goal is kicked during a scrimmage play.

In the NFL, the ball is spotted at the yard line. In college and high school, the ball is spotted at the 3-yard line. If successful, the team is awarded 1 point, referred to as an extra point.

This option is almost always chosen because a two-point conversion attempt is much riskier. The offensive team may attempt to advance the ball via run or pass into the end zone, much like a touchdown on the extra-point attempt, except that it receives two points.

This is called a two-point conversion. If the offense elects to attempt a two-point conversion on the try play, the ball is spotted at the 2-yard line in the NFL and on the 3-yard line for college and high school.

The success rate for two-point conversions is about 48 percent [21] in the NFL, making the two-point conversion attempt a risky tactic; thus it is usually attempted only when two points will help the team but one point will not.

Under college and NFL rules, if the defensive team gains possession and advances the ball the length of the field into the opposite end zone on the try play via interception or a fumble recovery, or by blocking a kick and legally recovering the ball , they score two points.

This is officially recorded as a defensive conversion scored by the defense. A safety scored on a try play is worth one point.

This can occur when, for example, the defense gains control of the ball and advances it into the field of play, but then retreats into its own end zone when play is stopped.

Similarly, the defense could recover a fumble in its own end zone before play is stopped. A safety on a try play could also be awarded to the defense if the defense takes possession of the ball during a try play, advances it all the way down to the opposite end of the field, where the offensive team then regains possession before the play is declared dead in that end zone.

The officials' signal for a successful try, whether an extra point or a two-point conversion, is the same as for a touchdown. The officials' signal for a safety on a try play is also the same as on a scrimmage play.

After the trial, the team that scored the touchdown kicks off to the opposing team. Unlike a safety that occurs on a scrimmage play, no free-kick is awarded following a safety on a try play.

During sudden-death over time, particularly in the NFL, if a team scores a touchdown in the overtime period, the game is immediately over, and the try is not attempted.

In NCAA overtime, if the second team to possess the ball in the overtime scores a touchdown which puts them ahead of the opponent in points the game ends immediately and no try is attempted.

A free-kick see above may be taken on the play immediately after any fair catch of a punt. The ball must be held on the ground by a member of the kicking team or drop kicked; a tee may not be used.

High school kickers may use a tee. This is both a field goal attempt and a free-kick; if the ball is kicked between the goalposts, three points are scored for the kicking team.

This is the only case where a free kick may score points. This method of scoring is extremely rare, last successfully completed in the NFL by Ray Wersching in It is only advantageous when a team catches a very short punt with very little time left.

A team is unlikely to be punting with only a few seconds left in a half or overtime, and it is rarer still for punts to be caught near field goal range.

The officials' signal for a successful fair catch kick is the same as for a field goal. The game is officiated by a crew of three to seven officials.

Every crew will consist of a referee , who is generally in charge of the game and watches the action on the quarterback and in the offensive backfield; an umpire , who handles spotting the ball and watches the action on the offensive line; and a head linesman , who supervises the placement of the down box and line-to-gain chains.

The crew may also consist of a line judge , back judge , field judge and side judge , in the order listed: i. Officials are selected by the teams in advance or appointed by the governing league.

While the majority of officials at lower levels only officiate games on a part-time basis, the NFL is implementing a new system where seven officials will become full-time employees of the league, one for each official position i.

During the game, the officials are assisted in the administration of the game by other persons, including a clock operator to start and stop the game clock and possibly also the play clock ; a chain crew who hold the down indicator and the line-to-gain chains on the sideline; and ball boys , who provide footballs to officials between downs e.

These individuals may be provided by the teams involved — it is common for a high school coach's son or daughter to act as a ball boy for the team.

Because football is a high- contact sport requiring a balance between offense and defense, many rules exist that regulate equality, safety, contact, and actions of players on each team.

It is very difficult to always avoid violating these rules without giving up too much of an advantage. Thus, an elaborate system of fouls and penalties has been developed to "let the punishment fit the crime" and maintain a balance between following the rules and keeping a good flow of the game.

Players are constantly looking for ways to find an advantage that stretches the limitations imposed by the rules. Also, the frequency and severity of fouls can make a large difference in the outcome of a game, so coaches are constantly looking for ways to minimize the number and severity of infractions committed by their players.

It is a common misconception that the term "penalty" is used to refer both to an infraction and the penal consequence of that infraction.

A foul is a rule infraction for which a penalty is prescribed. In most cases when a foul occurs, the offending team will be assessed a penalty of 5, 10, or 15 yards, depending on the foul.

Also, in most cases, if the foul is committed while the ball is in play, the down will be replayed from the new position for example, if the offense commits a foul on a first-down play, the next play will still be first down, but the offense may have to go 15 yards, or farther, to achieve another first down.

But if a defensive foul results in the ball advancing beyond the offense's first-down objective, the next play will be the first down of a new series.

Some penalties typically for more serious fouls , however, require a loss of down for the offense; and some defensive fouls may result in an automatic first down regardless of the ball position.

In all cases except for ejection of a player or, in rare cases, forfeiture of the game , the non-offending team is given the option of declining the penalty and letting the result of the play stand although the Referee may exercise this option on their behalf when it is obvious , if they believe it to be more to their advantage.

For some fouls by the defense, the penalty is applied in addition to the yardage gained on the play. Most personal fouls , which involve danger to another player, carry yard penalties; in rare cases, they result in offending players being ejected from the game.

In the NFL, if a defensive foul occurs after time has expired at the end of a half, the half will be continued for a single, untimed play from scrimmage.

Under college rules, any accepted penalty when the time has expired at the end of any quarter results in an extension for one untimed down.

In the NFL, with three exceptions, no penalty may move the ball more than half the distance toward the penalized team's goal line.

These exceptions are defensive pass interference see the discussion of that foul for more details , intentional grounding, and offensive holding — but in this last case, the exception pertains only if the infraction occurs within the offensive team's own end zone, in which case an automatic safety is assessed intentional grounding from the end zone also carries an automatic safety.

Under college rules, the same half-the-distance principle applies, but any offensive fouls involving contact in their end zone e. Each team receives three timeouts per half if the game goes to overtime, each team receives additional timeouts , making for a total of six timeouts per team in a regulation game.

Unused timeouts may not carry over to the second half or overtime. In professional football, a team must have at least one remaining timeout to challenge an official's call.

In the NFL, a number of rulings can be reviewed by officials or challenged by coaches. If a coach wants to challenge a play, he must do so before the next play begins, and he does so by throwing a red flag similar to the officials' yellow flags.

Coaches are allowed two challenges per game and are granted a third if their first two are successful. The team loses a timeout if they lose the challenge.

Therefore, they cannot challenge if they do not have timeouts. Plays within the two-minute-warning and overtime cannot be challenged; any review must be initiated by a replay official off-field.

The referee performs the actual review via a video screen on the sideline. The referee will announce the result of instant replay reviews over his wireless microphone.

Beginning in the NFL Season, an instant replay review by the booth official will now be automatic for every play ruled by the referees on the field to have scored points.

This is seen as another step in the "modernization" of sports. Every scoring play will be reviewed now, which saves coaches from using up their challenges on close plays in the endzone.

In college, coaches are allowed one challenge per game by first requesting a timeout. Otherwise, a replay official in the press box observes all plays.

If he deems a ruling may be in error, he notifies the officials on the field to interrupt the game before the beginning of the next play. The replay official performs the review and relays the decision to the referee, who announces the result.

Not every conference employs replay, which is optional. High school rules generally do not provide for a video review of any decisions by officials during a game.

Yearly, millions tune from around the world to watch the very best teams struggle it out for the ultimate glory of being Superbowl champion.

As with every other sport, American football is governed by a set of rules which ensures healthy competition and fair play.

We consider in precise and crisp detail, American football rules as well as how to play American football. As with most sports that bear similarities with American football, the ultimate objective is to score as more points as possible against your opponent during the stipulated duration of the game.

An American football field measures yards between both goal area referred to as an end zone which are 10 yards deep. Gameplay begins with the flipping of the coin by the head referee in order to decide the team to play the opening kick-off or receive the kick-off and to designate an end zone to both teams.

The field is divided by white markings 10 yards each which is used in deciding amount of chances or downs a team receives. The game is moderated by referees who throw yellow flags into the field to indicate a penalty.

An American football team comprises of 45 players while 11 players are chosen to play, the others act as substitutes. In the field of play, a team is subdivided into three teams which are the attacking team which includes the quarterback who throws the ball to the running back who takes the ball into the opponent end zone, the offensive lines who intercepts passes, and tight ends who defend the edge of the line and intercept passes.

The third team which are called the special team are charged with blocking opponent players from preventing their player from making a clean kick.

American football players are equipped with various gears which serve as means of protection in the physical intensive sport. Players are equipped with shoes, helmet, shoulder pads, gloves, mouth-pads, thigh and knee pads.

Elbow pads, neck rolls, rib pads, hip pads, tailbone pads, are also worn. The team equipment manager provides the gears for each player.

Points are earned in American football by various means.

American Football Rules

American Football Rules - Sonderregeln

Strafe: 15 Yards. September gibt's 50 Spiele live in SAT. Verlängerung: Falls nicht anders angeführt, werden Wetten mit dem offiziellen Ergebnis inklusive Verlängerung ausgewertet das Ergebnis wird von der zuständigen American-Football-Behörde bekanntgegeben. Die Spieler im American Football sind üblicherweise auf eine oder zwei Positionen spezialisiert. Punkte können erzielt werden, wenn der Football mittels eines Lauf- oder eines Passspielzugs Run bzw. Die Tätigkeit des Fallenlassens bezeichnet man als Fumble. Dazu gehören zum Beispiel die 5—3 , 4—4 und 6—2.

2 thoughts on “American Football Rules Add Yours?

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *